Who built Machu Picchu?

who built machu picchu

Machu Picchu is one of the most popular tourist destinations in South America. Located in the Peruvian Andes, this ancient Inca city has captured the imagination of travelers and historians alike.

In 1983, it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, recognizing its undeniable cultural and historical importance to the world. A legacy that is still alive and that no one can miss.

Today, Machu Picchu remains a symbol of Inca architecture and engineering, attracting visitors from all over the world to experience its magic and mystery firsthand. Touring its spaces while enjoying the spectacular Andean scenery is a unique and incomparable experience.

Who were the Incas?

The builders of Machu Picchu have been the subject of much debate among historians and archaeologists. Although there is no definitive answer, there are many theories about the origins of the city and the people who built it.

To understand the construction of Machu Picchu, it is important to examine the broader context of the Inca civilization. The Incas were a powerful pre-Columbian empire that ruled a vast region of South America, including parts of present-day Peru, Ecuador, Chile and Bolivia. They were known for their sophisticated system of government, engineering and agriculture.

One of the most significant achievements of the Inca civilization was their architecture. They built enormous stone structures and cities that still survive today, such as Machu Picchu. These buildings were constructed without mortar or cement, using precisely cut stones that were fitted together. This construction technique is known as ashlar masonry, and was a hallmark of Inca construction.

Who built Machu Picchu?

Pachacutec was one of the most important Inca rulers and is believed to have played a decisive role in the construction of Machu Picchu. He was a visionary leader who oversaw the expansion of the Inca empire and the construction of many important buildings and cities.

Some theories suggest that the emperor commissioned the construction of Machu Picchu as a retreat for himself and his inner circle. Although we cannot know for certain, there is no denying that it served as a symbol of his power and influence at the time.

Although it is unknown who exactly were the builders of Machu Picchu, it is likely that thousands of workers participated in its construction. These workers probably came from nearby communities and were organized into work teams supervised by skilled architects and engineers.

It is believed that the builders used a combination of manual labor and simple machines to move the huge blocks of stone and construct the intricate terraces and buildings. Although being so familiar with technological advances, Machu Picchu represented an extraordinary work of engineering for the Incas.

Who was Pachacutec, the Inca emperor?

Pachacutec was one of the most important Inca emperors, and ruled from approximately 1438 to 1471. During his reign, he oversaw a period of expansion and growth of the Inca Empire, and is credited with many of its most significant achievements.

One of Pachacutec’s most notable achievements was his contribution to Inca architecture and urban planning. He was responsible for the construction of many important buildings and cities, such as Cuzco, which was the capital of the Empire. It is also believed that Pachacutec was a key figure in the construction of Machu Picchu, which is believed to have served as his personal refuge.

What was Pachacutec’s legacy?

Pachacutec’s influence on Inca architecture was profound. He was known for his use of ashlar masonry, a technique that was used extensively in the construction of Machu Picchu, as well as in other important Inca buildings such as the Temple of the Sun in Cuzco.

In addition to his contributions to architecture, Pachacutec also played an important role in Inca religion and culture. He was a patron of the arts and is credited with the expansion of the Inca road system, which allowed for greater communication and trade within the empire.

Was Pachacutec responsible for the construction of Machu Picchu?

Pachacutec’s relationship with Machu Picchu continues to be the subject of debate among scholars and historians. Some believe that he personally supervised its construction, while others suggest that it was built after his death.

In any case, the site is considered a testament to the vision and leadership of this iconic figure, and remains one of the most impressive examples of Inca architecture and engineering.

Who were the Incas who built Machu Picchu?

To understand who built Machu Picchu, it is important to first understand the society and social structure of the Empire. The Inca Empire was a highly structured and hierarchical society, with the emperor at the top and a large labor force at the bottom.

The labor force that built Machu Picchu was made up of tens of thousands of workers recruited from all over the empire. These workers were known as “mit’a”, and were required to work for the empire for a set amount of time each year.

The construction of Machu Picchu was an enormous undertaking, taking an estimated 50 years to complete. The workers who built Machu Picchu were highly skilled and used a wide variety of techniques and tools.

Skills and techniques of Inca builders

One of the most impressive aspects of the construction was the way the builders took advantage of the natural landscape. The site was built on a steep mountainside, and the workers used a series of terraces and retaining walls to create a flat surface for the construction site. They also built a sophisticated system of aqueducts and drainage channels to manage the flow of water on the site.

These were workers who were very skilled at handling stone, and they used a variety of tools to cut and shape the pieces used in construction. These tools included chisels, hammers and wedges, as well as more sophisticated tools such as bronze saws and drills.

Despite the difficult conditions and hard work, the workers who built Machu Picchu were proud of their accomplishments, and took great care to ensure that the site was made to last. Their contributions were essential, and their legacy lives on today in the impressive site that several hundred years later is still standing.


In conclusion, Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is a testament to the ingenuity and skill of the builders who constructed it. The construction of Machu Picchu was a massive undertaking that required the labor of tens of thousands of skilled workers, recruited from all over the Inca Empire.

Who through a variety of techniques and tools and under the leadership of the Inca emperor, Pachacutec, played a historic role in the construction of Machu Picchu. The influence of this ancient civilization on architecture and urban planning is still evident today.

Visiting Machu Picchu is a unique experience that allows visitors to step back in time and witness the incredible achievements of the Inca civilization. The site is a must-see for anyone interested in history, architecture or simply the beauty of the Andean landscape.